Thaat - Modal Foundation

Each and every Raga must have its foundation based on any of the ten parent modes. On such basis the shape of the Raga can be discerned distinctly and also it can be conveniently compared with, and differentiated from, other Ragas of similar shape.

North Indian music recognizes 10 such Thaats. They are Sampooran i.e. containing seven tones in the octave, whereas a Raga may contain five, six or all the seven notes or any combination thereof. A Thaat is only a group of abstract tonal forms, but a Raga is a combination of notes having the power of generating and creating emotional values.

The Ten Thaats Of North Indian Music System

Please note that flat (komal) notes are shown with a (b) next to the note for example Re komal will be written as Re(b) and sharp (tivar) notes are written as (#) for example Ma tivar is written as Ma(#). Notes in the upper octave are written with a (u) next to them for example an Upper octave Sa will be written as Sa(u) and a lower octave Ni is written Ni(l). These conventions will be followed until we find a way to use staff notation on the Net.


  • Sa Re(b) Ga Ma Pa Dha(b) Ni Sa(u)


  • Sa Re Ga(b) Ma Pa Dha(b) Ni(b) Sa(u)


  • Sa Re Ga Ma Pa Dha Ni(b) Sa(u)


  • Sa Re(b) Ga(b) Ma(#) Pa Dha(b) Ni Sa(u)


  • Sa Re Ga(b) Ma Pa Dha Ni(b) Sa(u)


  • Sa Re Ga Ma Pa Dha Ni Sa(u)


  • Sa Re Ga Ma(#) Pa Dha Ni Sa(u)


  • Sa Re(b) Ga Ma(#) Pa Dha(b) Ni Sa(u)


  • Sa Re(b) Ga Ma(#) Pa Dha Ni Sa(u)


  • Sa Re(b) Ga(b) Ma Pa Dha(b) Ni(b) Sa(u)
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