Jati - Tonal Classification
The number of notes in ascending or descending movements of a Raga
is called its Jati. There are three basic Jatis: 1.
Sampooran -containing seven notes, 2. Shaudava - containing
six notes, and 3. Audava - containing five notes. Since a Raga
may have any combination of ascending and descending notes six more
Jatis making a total of 9 Jatis are computed as follows
1. Sampooran / Sampooran: Ragas in this classification will
have all the seven notes in the ascending as well as descending movements.
2. Sampooran / Shaudava: Ragas in this Jati will have
seven notes while ascending and six notes while descending.
3. Sampooran / Audava: Ragas in this category will have seven
notes while ascending and only five notes while descending.
4. Shaudava / Sampooran: Six note ascending and seven descending.
5. Shaudava / Shaudava: Six notes ascending six descending.
6. Shaudava / Audava: Six ascending and five descending.
7. Audava / Sampooran: Five ascending and seven descending.
8. Audava / Audava: Five ascending and five descending.
9. Audava / Shaudava: Five ascending and six descending.
To explain the above further, here are two examples of Jati classifications:
Raga Khammaj: The Jati of this Raga is Shaudava
/ Sampooran. In its ascending movement (Arohi) there are
only six notes:
Sa Ga Ma Pa Dha Ni Sa(u)
and its descending movement (Avarohi) is Sampooran (heptatonic):
Sa Ni(b) Dha Pa Ma Ga Re Sa
Raga Asavari: The Jati of this Raga is Audava
/ Sampooran. It has five notes in the ascending movement thus:
Sa Re Ma Pa Dha(b) Sa(u)
and seven notes while descending:
Sa(u) Ni(b) Dha(b) Pa Ma Ga(b) Re Sa
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