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Ragopedia™ - exotic scales of North India by S D Batish and Ashwin Batish - Raga Chapter

Ragopedia™ Cover Illustration

Introductory Sections

Essential Features of a Raga

The eleven main features of Ragaas recognized in present day North Indian Music are:

  • Thaat - Modal Foundation
  • Arohi and Avrohi - Ascending and Descending Movements
  • Varjit - Avoided or Omitted Notes
  • Jati - Tonal Classification
  • Vadi/Samvadi/Anuvadi/Vivadi - Notes
  • Pakar - Cognitive Phrase
  • Nyasa - Cadence Note
  • Poorvang and Uttarang - Lower and Upper Regions of the Octave
  • Time of Play
  • Tirobhav and Avirbhav - Melodic Deviations
  • Rasa - Moods
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